Rhino Linings Blog

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Floor Slip-Resistance Tests - Why they are so Important

Getting a new Floor?  Thought about Floor Slip Resistance Tests?

Having a non-slip or slip resistant finish is important for any flooring application, whether it be in the home, commercial premises or industrial warehouses and factories.  The reason?  Safety.  The avoidance of any trip or slip incident depends greatly on a slip-resistant floor, in a nutshell that’s why floor slip resistance tests are so important.

In an effort to verify safe flooring, it is fast becoming a routine practice for property owners, specifiers and architects to request floor slip resistant tests prior to specifying any floor coating for an upcoming project.  The advantage here is that the building owner can be confident that the new flooring will sustain its slip resistance for a period of years as well as help guard the safety of the people who visit, work or live onsite from slips and trips.

It should be noted that here, in Australia, the slip resistance of any new floor surface should be measured in accordance with AS/NZS 4586:2004 – Slip Resistance Classification of New Pedestrian Surface Materials.  This standard outlines five different methods to measure slip resistance including:

  • Wet Pendulum
  • Wet Pendulum and Dry Floor Friction
  • Dry Floor Friction
  • Wet/Barefoot Ramp
  • Oil-Wet Ramp

The AS4586-2004, Appendix A “Wet Pendulum Method” the preferred test method Rhino Linings request our flooring contractors to carry out when completing any flooring project.  The test is a safeguard ensuring there is no doubt of the finished floors slip-resistance properties prior to handover. This can be especially important in the case of a later ‘slip’ and especially where there is the possibility of litigation against the property owner.  The “Wet Pendulum Method” can be carried either onsite or in a laboratory by testing sample swatches of the product or the completed flooring.  Results are provided as a British Pendulum Number (BPN) and allocated a slip resistance classification ranging from Z to V – with Z being the lowest.

Another consideration that needs to be taken into account is the slope of the flooring surface.  This is where the older Ramp Test or ‘R’ Rating was used.  This test is carried out by a laboratory technician standing on a coated ramp at various angles of incline either barefoot or with a simulated standard shoe sole (Four S) which is generally accepted as the material to assess the slip resistance.  However, it is not always possible to carry out a Ramp Test on site and that is why Standards Australia and Rhino Linings recommend a “Wet Pendulum Method” to determine the slip resistance.

The Relationship Between the Pendulum Test and Ramp Test

Mean Pendulum Wet Pendulum Class Ramp Test ('R' Rating)
(35-44) X R9 - Slippage at a 3-10 degree angle of elevation (this surface is fairly slippery)
(45-54) W R10 - Slippage of 10-19  degree angle of elevation
(45-54) W R11 - Slippage of 19-27 degree angle of elevation
(>54) V R12 - Slippage of 27-35 degree angle of elevation
(>54) V R13 - Slippage upwards of 35 degree (this is highly slip-resistant)

Table 3, noted below, defines the Minimum Pendulum and equivalent Ramp Rating Recommendations for Specific Locations This is provided for informational purposes only.  Sourced from CSIRO Standard HB 197:1999 An Introductory Guide to the Slip Resistance of Pedestrian Surface Materials.

Minimum Pendulum and Older Ramp Ratings for Specific Locations

Location (these are a guide only) Pendulum Rating Ramp Rating
Accessible internal stair nosings (dry) - Handrails present X R10
Accessible internal stair nosings (wet) Handrails present W B or R11
Communal change rooms X A
Entry foyer hotel, office, public building - wet X R10
Entry foyers hotel, office, public building - dry Z R9
External colonnade, walkways & pedestrian crossing W R10
External ramps V R11
External stair nosings W R11
Fast food outlets, buffet food servery areas Z R9
Hospitals and aged care facilities - dry areas Z R9
Hospitals and aged care facilities - ensuites X A or R10
Internal ramps, slope (greater than 2 degrees) - dry X R10
Lift lobbies above external entry foyer Z R9
Other separate shops inside shopping centres Z R9
Other shops with external entrances - entry area X R10
Shopping centre excluding food servery areas Z R9
Shopping centre - food court X R10
Shop and supermarket fresh fruit and vegetable areas X R10
Supermarket aisles except for fresh food areas Z R9
Swimming pool surrounds & communal shower rooms W B
Swimming pool ramps and stairs leading into water V C
Toilet facilities in offices, hotels, shopping centres X R10
Undercover concourse areas of sports stadiums X R10

Cleaning Slip-Resistant Flooring Surfaces

Finally, cleaning of a slip-resistant floor is also very important and the grease/dirt can build up in between the highs and lows, thereby significantly reducing the grip. Cleaning with a foaming agent in warm water is the best way to remove dirt, grease and grime.  Be aware that some cleaning chemicals can also make your floor slippery. Rhino Linings also try to have our flooring contractor’s state in their Warranty that proper cleaning and regular inspection (6 to 12 months) is an essential part of maintaining the Warranty of a floor.

In addition to correct maintenance and cleaning,  always keep in mind that when choosing a suitable floor coating for your next project, whether it be epoxy, polyaspartic, polyurea, polyurethane, vinyl or even tile, it is extremely important that you make sure that your choice provides a suitable slip-resistant surface throughout the entire lifespan of the coating.  Most importantly, ensure you have floor slip resistance tests done to safeguard yourself against possible legal action from slips and trips.

For further information contact Rhino Linings Head Office on 07 5585 7000, email info@rhinolinings.com.au  

DISCLAIMER: Note that this article is Rhino Linings Australasia Pty Ltd interpretation of AS/NZS 4586:2004 – Slip Resistance Classification of New Pedestrian Surface Materials and accepts no liability for the content supplied in this article, or for the consequences of any actions taken on the basis of the information provided, unless that information is subsequently confirmed in writing.  Please refer to the actual standard available at Sai Global prior to making any decision.

Posted in: Rhino Linings Blog at 13 November 17

Bund lining and waterproofing solutions

Rhino Linings – Protective Coatings for Bund Liners and Waterproofing Solutions


When it comes to bund lining and waterproofing, do you have issues with moving concrete substrates, liquid seepage, EPA bunding regulations or just a need to further protect your floors, landings, car parks and concrete tanks?

Rhino Linings can provide superior spray applied protective solutions for all bund lining and waterproofing requirements.

Spray applied and seamless, a Rhino Linings waterproofing membranes totally eliminate potential weaknesses associated with other “joined” membrane products.

With the ability to bond to virtually any surface and the ability to transcend multiple substrates – the possibilities are truly endless.

With Rhino Linings products being a spray-applied polyurethane or pure polyurea, there are many advantages versus other products including:

  1. The products flexibility: Polyurethanes and polyureas move with your substrate and will not crack warp or peel.

  2. Cost Saving: Being spray applied to any thickness in one application, costly down time is significantly reduced compared to sheet lining and high build paint products ultimately saving you money.

  3. Instant Curing: Products are virtually instant curing so can be sprayed at any angle to totally encompass your application or were overhead coverage is required.

  4. Rhino Linings Australasia manufactures the Polyurethane and Polyurea protective coatings.  This places us in a prime position to provide answers to your various requirements when it comes to waterproofing, containment, protection from vehicular traffic, impact, abrasion and corrosion from our suite of products, which are all designed to perform in differing environments.

  5. Rhino Linings products are environmentally friendly.  They are solvent free, contain no V.O.C’s (Volatile Organic Compounds) and even conform with the highly stringent USA EPA regulations.

Additionally, select Rhino coating products have been certified for use in potable water applications and are AQIS accepted.

For further information, you can contact Rhino Linings directly on 1300 887 780 to discuss your requirements or contact us to find out more about the Rhino Linings product range.

Posted in: Rhino Linings Blog at 17 October 17

An Introduction to Rhino Linings Protective Coatings

An Introduction: Rhino Linings Protective Lining Coating Products

Rhino Linings can be sprayed or cast onto virtually any type of equipment and substrate material regardless of penetrations or shape, whether new or already in service.

The reason Rhino Linings polyurea and polyurethane products provide industrial-strength protection is because they can be applied significantly thicker than many other coatings in the market. 

The thickness?  Anywhere from 2 mm to unlimited thickness.

All Rhino Linings formulations are capable of protecting your equipment against erosion, corrosion, impact, and abrasion. 

Overall, products coated with a Rhino Linings coatings are stronger, tougher, and more durable than those coated with conventional elastomers, epoxies, and plastics.

Rhino Linings products exhibit a remarkable range of properties including ...

*  Resistance to abrasion
*  High Resistance to impact
*  Suitability for high-flex applications
*  Flexibility at low temperatures
*  Stability up to 120 degrees Celsius (248 degrees Fahrenheit)
*  Ability not to sweat or even deteriorate in water
*  Electrical properties
*  Resistance to oil, grease and other chemicals
*  Radiation resistance
*  Ability to bond to wood, metals and most plastics
*  Noise reduction capacity

Rhino Linings Flagship formulations include:

Rhino TUFF STUFF protective lining

Rhino TUFF STUFF is Rhino Linings most versatile premium liner product. A thick “grippy” liner that will provide maximum slip resistance whilst providing maximum protection against, impact, abrasion and corrosion. (Link to T/S Page)

Duraspray – Spray On Protection

Rhino Linings Duraspray provides maximum hardness, maximum impact protection and maximum scratch resistance at a lower price than TUFF STUFF.  Nothing compares to Rhino Linings Duraspray when it comes to hard wearing, flexible and seamless industrial flooring. Spray applied to any thickness in one application Duraspray reduces long shut down times associated with traditional floor coatings saving the business owner money.

RhinoChem 2170 Protective Coatings

Rhino Linings RhinoChem 2170 sprayed on liner is designed for aggressive chemical environments and total submersion applications. The product displays excellent chemical resistance even at elevated temperatures. It is spray applied to any thickness in just one application and is instant curing saving industry expensive “down time”.

For more information on our range of products and a spray applied protective solution for your particular problem, call Rhino Linings Head Office on 1300 887 780.




Posted in: Rhino Linings Blog at 14 September 17

Protecting assets with spray applied coatings

The economic impact of corrosion is often exacerbated in humid, tropical conditions found in areas such as northern Queensland. The moisture and heat accelerate the deterioration of machinery, vehicles and assets. Applying a protective surface coating is one way of minimising or reducing the effect.

When it comes to corrosion, abrasion and impact protection, Spray-applied polymer surface treatments can meet the demands of the variable Australian climate including the often-harsh working environments of construction sites, remote mining facilities, through to automotive, agricultural, marine, military and local council infrastructure requirements.

Despite still challenging economic conditions, Rhino Linings is experiencing strong growth in all regional areas of Australia and expanding the range of companies we have been approaching to be applicators and dealers.

The addition of Rhino Linings to a panel beater, repair shop or even commercial painter, can extend the range of services that can be offered.

While RLA has its origins in the automotive industry, our products are not just used for ute trays. For more than a quarter of a century Rhino has also been protecting military vehicles, boats, flooring, buildings, structures and industrial equipment, in addition to traditional trucks, 4WDs and prime movers.

Having started out as a domestic and commercial painter, Haydon Mann and his partner Sheree took on the Rhino Linings Townsville dealership. This move has allowed them to shift into a variety of other asset protection work.

When the opportunity of taking up a full Rhino Linings dealership came, Haydon didn’t have to deliberate too long before accepting.  He realised that a lot of the techniques learned as a painter were the same for using Rhino Lining’s spray polymers, with preparation being key to ensuring a great finish.  These same skills are also required by panel beaters and spray painters.

During his first year as an applicator/dealer, Haydon and his staff worked a diverse range of projects which included coating a whole boat, cane harvester spirals and other farm equipment, floors and spraying the externals of 4WD vehicles, not to mention the usual ute tub liners.

Did you know that cane farmers usually have to replace parts of their harvesters every year?
Being coated with Rhino spray applied linings can extend this to a least three years resulting in far less downtime

For a new Rhino Linings Applicator, a low ‘buy in’ price allows them to grow their business at their own pace because they only have to buy materials. There are no traditional franchise fees to be paid, and applicators and dealers have end-to-end support with access to service engineers and backup from the experienced technical support staff.

RLA assists its dealers in developing best method procedures and practices for chemical handling and machinery used to apply our products. We are fully committed to the development of new technologies, products, and services that offer the best solutions to the needs of our customers, applicators and distributors.

Want to know more?  Contact us on 1300 887 780




Posted in: Rhino Linings Blog at 22 August 17


Rhino Linings spray applied protective coatings provide optimal impact, abrasion and corrosion resistance. 

Rhino Linings protective coatings are used for a wide range of automotive, commercial and industrial applications. Our Polyurethanes and Pure Polyureas are used extensively in mine sites, wastewater treatment plants, through to automotive applications world wide.


17 reasons why you should ask for Rhino Linings by name.

  1. Rhino Linings 100% solids formulations are tack-free within 40 seconds, which helps keep your down time to a minimum.
  2. Rhino Linings protect against chemicals, corrosion, impact and abrasion.
  3. Rhino Linings permanently adhere to virtually any substrate, including wood, concrete, fiberglass, plastic, metals, steel, copper, geotextile and other surfaces.
  4. Rhino Linings non-porous polyurethane is easy to maintain.
  5. Rhino Linings is environmentally friendly, containing no VOCs or CFCs.
  6. Rhino Linings can be spray cast to any desired thickness.
  7. Rhino Linings can be pigmented to match any colour code.
  8. Rhino Linings provide non-skid textures from fine to course. Aggregates, oxides and slags can be added to maximize non-skid qualities.
  9. Rhino Linings is a vertically integrated company, blending its own chemicals and assembling the equipment used to spray the chemicals. This allows us to better assist applicators or customers with any step of the Rhino Linings process.
  10. Rhino Linings will not crack, delaminate or split form repeated flexing.
  11. Rhino Linings offers UV Topcoat and Rhino Shine Ultra to protect linings from sun damage.
  12. Rhino Linings ongoing commitment to research and development keeps our equipment and materials # 1 in the spray-on polyurethane industry.
  13. Rhino Linings produces a family of formulations to meet the diverse needs or our customer base.
  14. Rhino Linings has proven its abilities in many industries, including foundry, petrochemical, plating, mining, aggregate, transportation, material handling, marine, secondary and primary containment.
  15. Rhino Linings can help companies meet regulatory guidelines for ambient noise levels.
  16. Rhino Linings formulations remain stable in extreme temperature conditions – from -400C to 790C
  17. In extremely abrasive environments, Rhino Linings can be used as a sacrificial lining, saving companies hundreds of thousands of dollars in equipment maintenance and replacement costs.

... there are so many benefits that come with choosing Rhino Linings spray applied protective coatings.

If you are seriously looking to reduce maintenance costs, extend the life of your vehicle, equipment or infrastructure and minimise downtime, why not contact us – we are sure to have a solution to meet your individual requirements.

Posted in: Rhino Linings Blog at 17 July 17

Rhino Linings Used in Restoration to Keep Street, Basements Dry

Ontaria, Canada: A major Belleville Traffic Artery and Buildings at Less Risk of Flooding.

By Luke Hendry, USA

Quinte Conservation is nearing completion of the $700,000 restoration of its flood wall between the Moira River and Cannifton Road.

The work is being done above the McLeod dam just north of College Street East. Quinte Conservation operates an electricity generating station at the dam.

Bryon Keene, Quinte Conservation's water resources manager, said the result will be a long-lasting solution that will keep water where it should be: in the river.

"This is like a levee," said Keene as he stood on the floodwall. "This will be really great flood protection."

The PVC liner installed along the dam wall in 1978 had decayed and was damaged over the years, he said. That caused problems with a drain system in the headpond - the area where the water gathers before passing through the dam. Water has also been seeping through the liner.

Water made it into the basement of one Cannifton Road business in the spring of 2008, when there was widespread flooding in the Moira watershed and others.

Rod Bovay, Belleville's acting director of engineering and development services, said the upgrade will put to rest the city's concerns.

"There was some concern with some groundwater seeping and getting into the basements on the east side of Cannifton Road," Bovay said, adding the city also wanted to ensure the busy street itself wouldn't be affected by flooding.

The city and conservation authority have always worked well together, Bovay said, and for about two years had been working together on the issues.

He said the changes mean Quinte Conservation and the city - and therefore residents - will be satisfied.

"They'll be able to keep the pond at the level they need but hopefully we won't have any impact on the properties on the east side," said Bovay. "We're happy to see it get done."

Keene said the new design should protect public and private property even from high waters of a so-called "100-year flood."

Once completed it will look merely like a rocky slope, but he new system will be a big improvement, Keene said.

"We feel it's going to give us a whole lot longer (floodwall) life," said Keene.

A fabric lining is placed in a shallow trench, then sprayed with a polyurea coating. Gravel and later larger stones will be layered above that.

"It's not going to harm the environment because it's 100% solids. It's not easily biodegradable," said Ron LoPresto, technical director for manufacturer Rhino Linings.

The lining is manufactured by Rhino Linings Corp. Technical director Ron LoPresto said the installation is similar to lining "a gigantic truck bed" 1,030 feet in length. Jim and Shari Sauer's Trenton company - currently nameless after a shift in focus - was applying the polyurea Wednesday.

LoPresto said the lining should last for a few decades. "The minimum would be 20 years," said LoPresto.

Keene said the hope is for a 40-year lifespan."From here on it'll just be annual maintenance," he said.

The restoration is to conclude in the first week of September; the water level will be raised gradually, reaching its usual level by mid-September. Keene said energy generation will resume at about the same time.


Posted in: Rhino Linings Blog at 03 July 17

Rhino Linings Rexar - Military Grade Protective Coatings

Rhino Linings sprayed-on linings form a seamless blast protection providing exceptional structural integrity before, during and after a blast

It’s no secret that Rhino Linings has made a name for itself World Wide with its tough, long lasting ute bed and truck tray linings, but now these spray applied linings can be found protecting the lives of men and women deployed in strategic military locations throughout the world.

While many know of Rhino Linings for our superior protective solutions in the automotive, commercial and industrial markets, we have been quietly expanding our products and services into the Military with some amazing results.

Rhino Linings Australasian head office and manufacturing plant located on Queensland’s Gold Coast has been producing the US Military approved Rexar range of protective linings that have for over 20 years been used in composite armour for vehicles and structures. Additionally, the Rexar range of products can be found providing corrosion, abrasion, blast protection and blast mitigation solutions in military personnel carriers, helicopters, fleet vehicles, radar towers, bridges, airports, tank skins, field hospitals and mobile communication structures.

Independent testing conducted by New Mexico Tech Energetic Material Research and Testing Centre (EMRTC), proved that Rhino Linings Rexar successfully passed blast mitigating capabilities required for Government facilities.

EMRTC’s testing involved a reaction structure made of up two identical concrete block rooms side by side. The front wall of one structure was lined with the Rhino Linings Rexar product and the other was left in its standard concrete state. A blast was produced in front of the structures simulating a terrorist’s car bomb. During the blast, the Rexar protective coating was successful in preventing the lined wall from becoming lethal shrapnel. The blast completely demolished the unprotected structure sending lethal shrapnel everywhere within the interior of the structure. The Rexar lined wall flexed under the force of the blast but returned to vertical and remained intact and standing firm.

With the increased measures by Governments around the world to find effective ways to combat terrorism, Rhino Linings is proud to provide a solution that has the capability to protect soldiers, citizens and structural assets.

Rexar provides a huge leap forward in anti-terrorism technology and one that will provide very immediate and tangible benefits for military personnel, equipment, embassies, courthouses and other structures where inhabitant protection is an issue.

Posted in: Rhino Linings Blog at 12 June 17

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